Terminology Services

Vocabulary Work with Info Resources

Mark R. Lindner

UIUC, GSLIS

Terminology Services

 

A presentation based on the JISC's Terminology Services and Technology: JISC state of the art review

Tudhope, Koch and Heery, 2006

Agenda

Intro

Types of Vocabularies

Activities with TS

Review of current TS activity

Conclusion

Having .

Introduction

Terminology Services (TS) are a set of services that present and apply vocabularies, both controlled and uncontrolled, including their member terms, concepts and relationships (p. 6; 1.2).

This is done for purposes of searching, browsing, discovery, translation, mapping, semantic reasoning, subject indexing and classification, harvesting, alerting, etc.

TS can be m2m or interactive, user-facing services and can be applied at all stages of the search process (p. 6 ... 7; 1.2).

Types of Vocabularies

Vocabularies differ in their design and use, by:

Types of Vocabularies, part A

Vocabularies by structure

Types of Vocabularies, part B

Vocabularies by purpose

Types of Vocabularies, part C

Named entity authority and disambiguation services

Social tagging and folksonomies — Josh

Terminology registries

Examples of TS

Die Deutsche Bibliothek (DDB) links thousands of Personennamendatei (PND) to biographical articles in Wikipedia (press release).

Flamenco faceted browsing on the web

LC Authorities

VIAF Project at OCLC

HEIRPORT

A news note in CCQ 42 (1) 2006 alerts us to a press release dated 3 Aug 2005 reporting on Die Deutsche Bibliothek (DDB) linking thousands of personal name authorities to biographical articles in the German-language version of Wikipedia.

Wikipedia gains "a highly structured authoritative cross-referencing structure for access to its biographies; DDB obtains new visibility and a means of bringing new patrons to its catalog" (146).

LEAF Project: "developing a model architecture for collecting, harvesting, linking of, and providing access to existing local or naitonal name authority data, independent from their creation in libraries, archives, museums, or other institutions and independent from national differences" (Weber, 227). Usable for/by everyone. Access via ftp, Z39.50, OAI and SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol [XML])

VIAF Project: OCLC, LOC, DDB : explores virtually combining the name authority files of both institutions into a single name authority service.

Beneifts:

  • Extending AC via display of notes and references, links to related resources (official Web sites of the entities, authoritative biographical dictionaries, etc.)
  • Switch display to preferred language and script of users

Distributed vs. Centralized: Independent vs. Union. "Physcical" union vs. a virtual union

VIAF: OCLC matching algorithms to compare LCNAF (about 5M) and DDB's PNF (about 1M).

An article in LRTS (Library Resources & Technical Services), Volume 50, No. 3 (July 2006) by Jenny Toves, Ed O'Neill, and Thom Hickey.

Examples of TS 2

The Getty Union List of Artist Names

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online

Download

ULAN: Ovile Master

TGN: Mali. Notice hiearchy. Notice view physical features versus political entities.

AAT, ULAN, TGN are all available for download and licensing. Available in MARC, XML and relational tables. http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/download.html

Conclusion

Terminology Services (TS) are a set of services that present and apply vocabularies, both controlled and uncontrolled, including their member terms, concepts and relationships (p. 6; 1.2).

This is done for purposes of searching, browsing, discovery, translation, mapping, semantic reasoning, subject indexing and classification, harvesting, alerting, etc.

TS can be m2m or interactive, user-facing services and can be applied at all stages of the search process (p. 6 ... 7; 1.2).

Bibliography and associated resources

[any material that should appear in print but not on the slide]

Technology Credits